When a person hears about the term Syphilis, he or she reacts in an unusual or in an uncomfortable way. The reaction is extremely normal due to the fact that Syphilis is indeed a dreadful disease. When any person come across any sign of the disease on his or her body, turning a blind eye towards it can result in something very devastating. Syphilis is one of the enlisted diseases which are transformed or spread through sexual contact. The pathological beings behind infecting the humans and animals are identified as Treponema pallidum. There are four stages of this disease, viz.; primary, secondary, latent and tertiary. In the event of infection, the Treponema bacterium takes a certain time period of nine to ninety days for incubation. The signs of the infection occur from twenty first day. The stages mentioned above, of this disease have different signs and symptoms on the infected being.
The telltale signs of Syphilis in the primary stage
In this stage, the infected being will come across a sore or a chancre on the areas like rectum, mouth or genitals. The chancre is described to be looking like a button; a round, semi-tender to touch and half an inch in size. The victims of this stage of the disease can also suffer from swollen lymph nodes around the groin area. These lymph nodes are not tender when swollen. The victims of the primary stage do not feel anything ill about themselves. In fact, the sore or the chancre can heal by itself within the first four to six weeks. This is quite a perplexing situation because it can hint the victim with the misguidance that it is not something to be taken seriously. The truth is that, the disappearance of the chancre does not mean that the disease has gone away, rather, it is continuing with the spread inside the body.
The telltale signs of Syphilis in the secondary
The common signs of the secondary stage of Syphilis comprise of itchiness, loss of appetite, achiness, rashes and headaches. One should take in note that these symptoms take place after several weeks of the disappearance of the sore or chancre. At this stage, the bacterium of Syphilis is considered to have spread throughout the body of the victim. The rashes which are visible at this stage are usually in the color of the brown or reddish-brown. The rashes will be bigger than the sores, but they will not be itchy. The rashes of the second stage appear dramatically different from person to person. The lesions of the rashes may be flat or raised. They may or may not have pustules in them. They can also be scaly. After reading you might definitely be confused because they are similar to other diseases. For this nature, Syphilis is called the great imitator. The rashes of this stage usually last for several months. At this stage, the victim can also develop sores in the areas like genitals, moth, nose, etc. The lymph nodes will get swollen and patchy hair loss can also occur.
The telltale signs of Syphilis in the latent stage
There are no symptoms in this stage different from the former. The disease at this stage will spread more within the victim’s body.
The telltale signs of Syphilis in the tertiary stage
At the final or the tertiary or last stage, the patient will face severe damage of the organs. The central nervous system can be hugely affected which will evidently result in affecting the victim’s mental balance. The aorta of the heart will also get affected. Other signs at this stage are diseases of liver, pain in the joints, bone, anemia, incurable skin ulcers along with high fever.
The symptoms mentioned above, can scare any reader. This disease has to be taken seriously and must be treated to avoid any kind of worsening. The infected person must immediately consult the doctor if he or she sees signs mentioned above. There are several clinics and testing centers where the Syphilis test is carried on. These clinics ensure the confidentiality of the patient’s identity.
Steps to prevent Syphilis
The preventive measures depend on the type of the disease the person has been suffering. Syphilis is extremely difficult to avoid because this can spread through any external events of contact. It is advisable to opt for safe sex, both anal and penetrative vaginal, in certain cases, oral. Also, you must be very careful while making use of the sex toys. Wash them properly with anti-bacterial cleansers so that any pathogens can be destroyed on the.
The diagnosis of Syphilis
Since the symptoms of Syphilis appear externally within few weeks of infection, it can be extremely difficult to diagnose the infection at the earlier stages. If anyone notices any kind of sores or rashes on the body, especially in the areas like genitals, groins etc. he or she must consult with the doctor and take up tests, otherwise, the undetected Syphilis can turn vulnerable causing unwanted harm to the body.
The treatment of Syphilis
The treatment of Syphilis is dependent on the stage the person is infected in. If the disease is identified at the early stages, then a number of shots or injections can be effective to uproot it. There are also oral medications available for the patients, especially for the people who are intolerant to penicillin. During the second or third stage, it is obvious that the patient has to go through an extensive medication program. The shots of the injections in this case become mandatory along with oral medications. In the tertiary stage, the person has to be admitted to the hospital where he or she has to be kept under full observation of the physicians so that the disease can be taken out of the entire system completely.
Things to keep in mind regarding STDs
Sexually transmitted diseases occur due to having unsafe sex. So maintain a healthy lifestyle so that you along with your partner can enjoy a healthy conjugal as well as mental relationship.